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Клубные наркотики и антиретровирусная терапия

Клубные наркотики и антиретровирусная терапия
Клубные наркотики и антиретровирусная терапия

ВИЧ-позитивные должны знать, что если они принимают АРВ-терапию, им следует избегать или быть осторожными в употреблении таких наркотиков, как метамфетамин, MDMA, мефедрон, кетамин, бензодиазепин, а так же лекарств, применяемых для лечения эректильной дисфункции («Виагра», «Левитра», «Сиалис» и им подобных).

Препараты из числа «усилителей» лекарств, назначаемых для лечения ВИЧ-инфекции, могут быть опасны в сочетании с метамфетамином, MDMA и кетамином

В странах, где употребление наркотиков криминализовано и жестко преследуется, люди не рассказывают врачам о том, какие наркотики и когда они употребляют. В первую очередь страх обсуждать эти вопросы есть у подростков и молодежи.

Люди, живущие с ВИЧ, ведут себя так же - скрывают от врачей факты употребления наркотиков. С другой стороны, врачи в странах, где употребление наркотиков так или иначе наказывается плохо информированы о взаимодействии лекарств и наркотиков, и не обсуждают это с пациентами. Это может привести к серьезным негативным последствиям для здоровья, включая смерть.

Лекарства ритонавир (бренд «Норвир») и кобисистат (бренд «Тибост») применяются для усиления действия лекарств, применяемых для лечения ВИЧ-инфекции. Но так же они изменяют и то, как организм взаимодействует с другими веществами: ритонавир и кобисистат замедляют распад в печени таких наркотических веществ, как метамфетамин, MDMA и кетамин. В мире уже зафиксированы случаи смерти по причине одновременного приема метамфетамина и ритонавира.

Не только ритонавир и кобисистат могут опасно взаимодействовать с наркотиками. ВИЧ-позитивные и врачи при назначении АРВТ препаратов должны обсуждать возможные взаимодействия других препаратов в том числе и наркотических средств.

ВИЧ-позитивные должны знать, что если они принимают АРВ-терапию, то некоторые препараты (схемы) могут взаимодействовать с АРВ-препаратами, поэтому им следует избегать употребления таких наркотиков, как метамфетамин, MDMA, мефедрон, кетамин, бензодиазепин, а так же лекарств, применяемых для лечения эректильной дисфункции («Виагра», «Левитра», «Сиалис» и им подобных).

Клубные наркотики и антиретровирусная терапия

Текст подготовлен Евразийской коалицией по мужскому здоровью, по материалам aidsmap.com

www.parniplus.com

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173 Comments

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