Секс и здоровье

10 неизвестных фактов о воздействии алкоголя на организм

10 неизвестных фактов о воздействии алкоголя на организм
10 фактов о алкоголе

Мы не задумываемся о том, что происходит с нашим телом после того, как мы выпьем пару бокальчиков вина со своим парнем или тяпнем в гей клубе для храбрости. И мало кто знает, почему приём алкоголя провоцирует жажду и приступы дурноты. Вот несколько интересных фактов, которые помогут нам разобраться с процессом усваивания алкоголя.

1. Алкоголь для нашего тела - яд, с которым организм начинает бороться путём выработки в печени особого фермента - алкогольдегидрогеназы. Как только алкоголь доберётся к слизистой желудка, этот фермент приходит в боевую готовность. Количество вырабатываемого фермента зависит от пола, возраста и генетических особенностей. Именно поэтому мужчины пьянеют не так быстро, как женщины.

2. Между желудком и кишечником есть клапан-заслонка, который закрывается во время еды. И если приём алкоголя совмещается с приёмом пищи, то у фермента будет достаточно времени чтобы в благоприятных условиях нейтрализовать алкоголь. Но если возлияния происходили натощак - алкоголь беспрепятственно пройдёт желудочную «таможню» и свободно попадёт в тонкий кишечник. Здесь в отсутствии фермента начнётся его интенсивное всасывание в чистом виде. Последствия ясны.

3. Не хотите страдать от похмельного синдрома? Не пейте аспирин в сочетании со спиртным. Этот препарат уменьшает продуцирование фермента. Исследования, проведённые в конце прошлого века, показали, что у членов экспериментальной группы, которые не принимали аспирин перед выпивкой, количество алкоголя в крови было на 26% ниже, чем у тех, кто принимал препарат.

4. Разумное употребление алкоголя продлевает жизнь. Для здоровья полезно выпивать не больше одного бокала сухого красного вина ежедневно или же пару раз в неделю. Разумеется, при отсутствии противопоказаний.

5. Алкоголь подавляет деятельность клеток мозга, но не убивает их. Если была принята стандартная доза спиртного, то кровь принесёт клеткам мозга всего 0,08% алкоголя. Ну а после грандиозной вечеринки мозговым клеткам достанется уже 0,25%. Но такое количество алкоголя не способно их погубить (мы не говорим о хроническом алкоголизме, где поражение печени и органов идёт совсем по другому сценарию).

6. Приём алкоголя провоцирует поступление в мозг сигналов от возбуждающей кислоты под названием глутамат. Он нарушает нормальную работу рецепторов, которые начинают передавать «неправильные» сигналы. Как результат - нарушение координации, невнятная речь и искажённое восприятие реальности.

7. Поскольку адекватное восприятие окружающего нарушено, выпивший человек не способен здраво оценивать поступки других. Ему кажется, что окружающие провоцируют скандальные ситуации. По этой причине в нетрезвых компаниях часто возникают ссоры.

10 неизвестных фактов о воздействии алкоголя на организм

8. В качестве снотворного алкоголь никуда не годится. Вместо того чтобы в быстрой фазе сна отдыхать и показывать хозяину сны, мозг будет пытаться что-то сделать с чуждыми ему молекулами спирта. Это приведёт к прерывистому сну или вообще бессоннице.

9. Принято считать, что приём алкоголя обеспечит невероятный секс. Это заблуждение. Да, алкоголь усилит желание, но вот на этапе активных действий возможно фиаско. Причиной тому расширение артерий и общее расслабление организма, которое в данном случае нежелательно для некоторых органов.

10. Застенчивым людям алкоголь помогает избавиться от робости при общении. Исследования специалистов-социологов доказывают, что одиночество для людей очень опасно. А бокал-другой алкоголя в компании друзей или сотрудников помогает замкнутым людям снять психологический барьер и завязать непринуждённый разговор. Главное соблюдать меру и не переусердствовать в количестве спиртного.

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