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В ЮАР начались испытания новой вакцины от ВИЧ

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Стоимость эксперимента оценивается $ 10 млн, ученые ожидают снижения передачи ВИЧ-инфекции как минимум на 50%

ПРЕТОРИЯ, 16 ноября. /Корр. ТАСС Александр Нечаев/. В ЮАР начались испытания новой вакцины от ВИЧ, которая может стать «прорывной», заявил в парламенте вице-президент страны Сирил Рамапоса. «Важно то, что всеми аспектами испытаний вакцины, которая считается прорывной в сфере ВИЧ, руководят южноафриканские ученые», — сказал он.

Стоимость эксперимента оценивается в 135 млн рандов ($ 10 млн). В 18 регионах страны будут выбраны 5400 не инфицированных людей с ВИЧ, волонтеров в возрасте от 18 до 35 лет. Половина из них получит пять доз вакцины, а вторая половина - плацебо, используемое для сравнительного анализа. «Испытания будут проходить 20 месяцев в соответствии со строжайшими этическими стандартами. За волонтерами будут наблюдать три года», — подчеркнул Рамапоса. Итоги эксперимента станут известны в 2022 году.

Испытания аналогичной вакцины прошли в Таиланде семь лет назад. Она снизила передачу ВИЧ-инфекции на 39%. «Наши ученые ожидают снижения как минимум на 50% и надеются, что этот показатель будет значительно выше», — сказал вице-президент.

Число ВИЧ-инфицированных в ЮАР в этом году превысило 7 млн человек из населения почти в 56 млн. По данным статистической службы, было зарегистрировано 7,03 млн заболевших (12,7% населения), тогда как в 2015 году это число составило 6,19 млн (11,2%).

Наибольший уровень распространения ВИЧ-инфекции отмечен в самой продуктивной группе населения в возрасте от 15 до 49 лет - 18,9%. При этом число инфицированных, получающих антиретровирусное лечение, выросло до 3,4 млн человек. Почти 100% зараженных беременных женщин получают необходимое лечение, чтобы избежать передачи вируса в утробе матери, во время родов и при вскармливании грудью.

В ЮАР начались испытания новой вакцины от ВИЧ

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