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Академик Покровский: «Сейчас сотрудники ВИЧ-сервисных организаций — как спартанцы при Фермопилах»

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Руководитель Федерального центра СПИД Вадим Покровский выступил на Первой российской национальной конференции ВИЧ-сервисных организаций и ЛГБТ-сообщества, которая прошла на днях в Москве.

В своем выступлении академик В.В. Покровский, руководитель Федерального центра СПИД, академик отметил важность сотрудничества организаций и активистов, работающих в сфере ВИЧ, и ЛГБТ-движения.

Покровский напомнил недавние слова министра здравоохранения РФ В. Скворцовой, которая сказала, что «пока никакой эпидемии не объявлено в нашей стране». При этом в 2015 г. в России ежедневно регистрировалось 270 новых случаев ВИЧ-инфекции, а также более 40 смертей по причине ВИЧ-инфекции. Покровский отметил, что число выявляемых случаев ВИЧ-инфекции растет быстрее, чем увеличивается количество сделанных тестов на ВИЧ.

В Москве отмечается устойчивая тенденция активизации гомосексуального пути передачи ВИЧ, динамика роста которого выходит на второе место после гетеросексуального, опережая внутривенный.

Для сравнения Покровский привел статистику западноевропейских стран: в 2015 г. в Германии было зафиксировано 3200 новых случаев ВИЧ-инфекции, из них МСМ - 69% (при общем населении 81 млн), во Франции - 6000, при 43% МСМ (население 64,5 млн), в Великобритании - 6095, из них 54% МСМ (население страны - 62 млн). При этом в Германии существует сексуальное образование с младших классов школы (в том числе обучение пользования презервативами), легализована секс-работа, и работники обязаны соблюдать определенные стандарты безопасности, в работе с наркопотребителями используется снижение вреда, которое включает в том числе заместительную терапию и оборудованные центры безопасного приема наркотиков.

По словам Покровского, суммарная эффективность профилактических программ, проводимых в России в рамках 3 и 4 раундов ГФ, составляет 25% снижения ожидаемого прироста новых случаев ВИЧ-инфекции. При этом рост числа обнаружения новых случаев ВИЧ-инфекции в России замедлился во время проведения наибольшего количества программ (Нацпроект в области здравоохранения и программы ГФ).

Академик Покровский: “Сейчас сотрудники ВИЧ-сервисных организаций - как спартанцы при Фермопилах”

Академик отметил практически полное отсутствие сегодня в России программ, направленных на ключевые группы и на пропаганду использования презервативов для профилактики сексуального пути передачи ВИЧ, и сравнил сотрудников ВИЧ-сервисных организаций с тремястами спартанцами при Фермопилах, которые сопротивлялись многотысячной персидской армии.

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