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Пределы индивидуальной ответственности гей сообщества в отношении ВИЧ

Пределы индивидуальной ответственности гей сообщества в отношении ВИЧ

Такое отношение, как каждый несёт ответственность за своё личное здоровье создаёт ситуацию, в которой эта ответственность перекладывается на плечи других, когда дело доходит до секса

Канадские учёные, которые пригласили ВИЧ-негативных и ВИЧ позитивных мужчин-геев для обсуждения аспектов ВИЧ-стигмы и рискованного сексуального поведения, заключили, что такие идеи как «самоответственность» и «ответственность в отношении чьего-либо здоровья» являются неподходящими подходами к поиску решения по проблемам риска заражения ВИЧ в геевском сообществе сообщает aidsmap.com

Исследователи аргументируют своё мнение, что такое отношение, как «каждый несёт ответственность за своё личное здоровье» создаёт ситуацию, в которой эта ответственность перекладывается на плечи других, когда дело доходит до секса. Хотя некоторые опрошенные и использовали метафору «танго исполняется в паре», они не упоминали о партнёрах, как неотъемлемой части обсуждения решения безопасного секса; очевидно, под этим метафорическим выражением они предполагали, что партнёрам следовало взять на себя индивидуальную ответственность в качестве независимых изолированных людей.

Более того, кажется, что идея об индивидуальной ответственности была связана с жёсткими правила исключения из своего круга общения лиц, инфицированных ВИЧ. Исследователи оспаривают тот факт, что такие стратегии возможно сохранят некоторых мужчин-геев физически свободными от ВИЧ и ИППП, но это может парадоксально повысить риск возникновения и укрепления стигмы внутри самого геевского сообщества.

Исследователи призывают к возрождению сфокусированного на сообществе, равноправного и основанного на диалоге подхода к проблемам рискованного поведения, что не оставляет мужчин-геев разбираться (а иногда, и не разбираться) с проблемами ВИЧ в одиночку; подхода, который включает в себя честный и уважительный диалог о рискованном сексуальном поведении и ВИЧ, как между партнерами, так и внутри самого сообщества.

Пределы индивидуальной ответственности гей сообщества в отношении ВИЧ

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