Профилактика

Что такое терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ?

Что такое терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ?

Терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ — это вакцина, созданная для улучшения иммунного ответа организма на ВИЧ у людей, которые уже инфицированы ВИЧ. В настоящее время не существует терапевтических вакцин против ВИЧ, одобренных FDA (Управление по санитарному надзору за качеством пищевых продуктов и медикаментов), но исследования в этом направлении идут.

Что такое терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ?

Терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ — это вакцина, созданная для улучшения иммунного ответа организма на ВИЧ у людей, которые уже инфицированы ВИЧ.

Исследователи создают и тестируют терапевтическую вакцину против ВИЧ, чтобы замедлить развитие ВИЧ-инфекции и, в идеале, достичь неопределяемого уровня ВИЧ с тем, чтобы отпала необходимость в регулярной антиретровирусной терапии (АРВ). (АРВ — это рекомендуемое лечение при ВИЧ-инфекции, которое проводится с использованием комбинаций разных лекарств, препятствующих репликации ВИЧ. В настоящее время человек, живущий с ВИЧ, должен получать АРВ терапию, чтобы уровень ВИЧ оставался неопределяемым).

Что такое терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ?

Терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ может также замедлить развитие у человека СПИДа и снизить вероятность того, что человек передаст ВИЧ другому.

Исследователи также оценивают терапевтическую вакцину против ВИЧ как часть более широкой стратегии устранения всех вирусов иммунодефицита человека из организма и излечения человека от ВИЧ. Такого рода стратегия может включать также использование других лекарств и видов лечения в дополнение к терапевтической вакцине против ВИЧ. Исследования в области лечения ВИЧ остаются на ранней лабораторной стадии, и неясно, будут подобные стратегии работать или нет.

Чем терапевтическая вакцина портив ВИЧ отличается от профилактической?

Профилактическая вакцина против ВИЧ предназначена для людей, у которых нет ВИЧ, с тем, чтобы предотвратить развитие ВИЧ-инфекции в будущем. Профилактическая вакцина учит иммунную систему человека распознавать ВИЧ и эффективно бороться с ним в случае, если вирус когда-либо попадет в организм человека.


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Терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ предназначена для людей, у которых уже есть ВИЧ. Цель терапевтической вакцины — усилить иммунный ответ человека на ВИЧ, который уже находится в его организме.

Что такое терапевтическая вакцина против ВИЧ?

Существуют ли уже терапевтические вакцины против ВИЧ, одобренные FDA?

В настоящее время не существует одобренных FDA терапевтических вакцин против ВИЧ, но исследования в этом направлении ведутся.

Где я могу получить больше информации о клинических испытаниях терапевтических вакцин против ВИЧ?

Перечень клинических испытаний терапевтических вакцин против ВИЧ доступен в базе данных резюме исследований AIDSinfo на ClinicalTrials.gov. Пройдите по ссылке в названии какого-либо испытания в списке, чтобы получить больше информации об исследовании.

Как я могу узнать больше об исследованиях терапевтических вакцин против ВИЧ?

Посетите перечисленные ниже вебсайты, чтобы узнать больше об исследованиях терапевтических вакцин против ВИЧ. Этот материал основан на информации из следующих источников:

Источник: AIDSinfo

Перевод: Gulnara Kurmanova

Если вы нашли ошибку, пожалуйста, выделите фрагмент текста и нажмите Ctrl+Enter.

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